Diabetes and Heart Disease
Diabetes and Heart Disease how they affect people health.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), typically known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic conditions whereby there are high blood sugar levels over a long time. Signs and symptoms of high blood glucose levels include consistent urination, increased thirst, and also increased hunger.
DM is caused by either the pancreas not producing sufficient insulin or even the cells of the body system not responding in the right way to the insulin it produced.
There are three common types of diabetes mellitus:
- Type 1 Diabetes mellitus results when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin.
- Type 2 Diabetes mellitus starts with insulin resistance, a disorder in which cells cannot respond to insulin properly.
- Gestational diabetes is the 3rd major form and also occurs when women who are pregnant without a history of diabetes mellitus develop high blood sugar levels.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)- Heart Disease: typically refers to problems that involve narrowed or perhaps clogged blood vessels that can result in a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or even stroke. Other heart problems, for instance, those that affect the heart’s muscle, valves or even rhythm, are also considered types of heart disease.
While relating cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, a renowned Cardiologist from Gurgaon state, India:
“Individuals having diabetes mellitus develop a cardiovascular disease known as ‘diabetic heart disease’ (DHD). In comparison to non-diabetics, individuals having diabetes mellitus at a younger age are at higher chance of heart disease.”
This statement applies to both type-1 and also type-2 patients- both women and men. The increase in blood glucose levels increases the chance. The high glucose level in the blood causes deposition of fatty materials on inside walls of blood vessels resulting in hardening of blood vessels and also blocking a condition called atherosclerosis.
It is advised to always go for diabetes checkups
The National Diabetes Education Program (abbr. NDEP) operates in partnership with lots of partner organizations to lessen illness and also death from Cardiovascular Disease in diabetic patients.
Just like smoking, alcohol, diabetes and also high blood cholesterol, diabetes increases the chance of cardiovascular attacks. Once these elements blends with various risk factors, such as weight problems, diabetes cause damages.
Individuals with diabetes mellitus are less responsive to heart treatment like bypass surgery and also angioplasty (is a minimally invasive, endovascular process to expand narrowed or perhaps blocked arteries or veins, usually to treat arterial atherosclerosis).
How are Diabetes and Heart Disease Related?
There are five types of heart diseases/problem common in diabetic patients:
1. Ischemic Heart Disease: This is as a result of thickening or even hardening of walls of the arteries which are also blood vessels that transport blood to the heart. Plagues that get deposited on the walls of blood vessels refers to as atherosclerosis.
2. Congestive Heart Failure: It occurs when a heart is unable to efficiently pump the blood to meet the needs of the body. This happens because of congestive heart failure in which the fluid accumulates inside the body cells.
3. Cardiomyopathy: Is a condition whereby the heart muscles get broken, thus leading to the improper functioning of the heart.
4. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD): This disease occurs when the blood vessels turn narrow in the legs as a result of clogging by fats build up leading to an inadequate blood circulation in the feet and also legs.
It may lead to amputation of the feet or maybe a leg, or perhaps increase the possibilities of a heart attack.
5. Smoking doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes.
What is the outlook? – Diabetes and Heart Disease
There is no known preventive measure for type 1 diabetes. People who have diabetes mellitus can reduce their risk of cardiovascular diseases by discussing with the doctor concerning any prescribed medications either for preventing or perhaps for controlling the risk factors and also by making certain change in lifestyle.
Change in lifestyle includes eating a healthy diet, physical activity, and also stress management.
Things individuals with diabetes can do to lower their Cardiovascular Disease risk?- Take Action!!!
An action plan can help individuals to:
- Reach and also stay at a healthy weight. Excess weight or obese is a risk factor for cardiovascular attack and stroke.
- Get a minimum of an hour to two hours of physical activity daily. Brisk walking or even a similar activity most days of the week can assist with weight reduction and also lower blood pressure.
- Consume food items that are low in saturated fats, trans fats (or trans fatty acids), cholesterol, salt (sodium), and also added sugars– pick lean meats, nuts (in small amounts), poultry, fish, fat free or perhaps low fat milk, and also dairy products.
- Consume more fiber– whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and also dry peas and beans.
- Quit smoking– or even ask a health care provider for help to stop. Smoking is among the major risk factors related to heart attack and also stroke.
- Take prescription drugs as directed– and also ask their medical professional concerning taking daily aspirin.
- Ask friends and family to assist them to manage their diabetes. This assistance can help individuals reach their goals.