Sportspersons are quite vulnerable to get hurt. They are always under pressure to perform the best. Their eagerness to perform at the cost of risk makes them prone to get injuries in many body parts including head, limbs, chin, elbow, wrist, etc. Sometimes even amateur players may get hurt too.
The types of sports injuries may be severe in few cases. In such cases, sportspersons have to go through a surgery to have the internal problem treated. In other cases, sports injuries are minor and can be treated with slight medications or dietary adaptations.
Sports Injuries Are of Numerous Types. Some of Them Are:
- Most of the athlete’s experience problems such as the sprained Athletic persons feel the foot turns inwards during an immediate impulse. Achilles’ tendon is the largest tendon in the body, located in the foot. It may get injured due to quick impulses causing an ankle sprain.
- Concussion refers to traumatic brain injury, due to vehicular accidents or cases of sudden fall.
- Tennis elbow or Tendinitis is a state of pain in elbow and arm due to repeated motions like gripping a racquet during the swing. It is also called epicondylitis.
- Coccyx refers to the part of the vertebral Injury of coccyx causes pain sensation and bruise in the affected area.
- Some other commonly faced problems are a groin pull, hamstring strain, shin splints, knee injury, etc.
Various Reasons Why Sports Person Get Injured
- Overtraining or too much sport specific training.
- Sometimes, the sportsperson is not fully prepared for major events and might end up with serious injuries.
Various Treatments for Such Sports Injuries
Minor sports injuries like strains and sprains can be treated using a PRICE therapy. It provides relief to the body within 3 to 4 days. Other than this, there are some other treatments which are as follows:
- Protection: The affected body part must be protected from further injury, with the help of a support.
- Relaxation: The affected body part must be provided adequate rest. A sling is suggested in case of a shoulder
- Ice treatment: Application of ice pack over the affected area for 15-20 minutes in every 4 hours is advisable. The ice (ice-block) should be wrapped in a towel to avoid it directly touching the skin.
- Compression: In the daytime, one can use elastic compression bandages over the wounds to reduce swelling.
- Elevation: The affected body part must be placed above heart level. This gradually brings down swelling.
The Following Ways treat major Sports Injuries:
- Bone Surgery: Bones are realigned without operation. In case of severe fracture, the broken bones are fixed with the help of rods and plates. The recovering patient must start moving little by little. He should do only light exercises.
- Immobilization: Movement of the injured part is blocked allowing the muscles to grow and let the automatic healing process correctly. It helps in curing muscle spasms and muscle pains.
- Medications: Painkillers are used to bring relief from localized pain. Some of the drugs used as painkillers are Paracetamol and Ibuprofen.
- Massaging: It is a highly effective therapeutic technique. It restores muscular strength and energizes the body. Light exercising or stretching helps to enhance one’s range of muscular motion. It gradually helps the body part in resuming its natural function.
- Corticosteroid Injections: It is also suggested in mild dosages for severe accident hit patients. One should be wary of the side effects.
- One should cool down after a workout Walking for 5 to 10 minutes after an intense workout is good.
- Dynamic stretching exercises help to build body flexibility gradually.
- One should not put entire load on one side of muscles during training. One should cross train both muscles.
- Start a new workout slowly. Gradually build intensity and duration of exercise.